Helpful Definitions

  • MONAURAL: Term used in describing the fitting of a hearing aid to only one ear.
  • BINAURAL: Term used in describing the fitting of hearing aids for both ears.
  • UNILATERAL: Single-sided. When describing hearing test results, this is hearing loss in only one ear.
  • BILATERAL: Both sides. When describing hearing test results, this is hearing loss in both ears.
  • ASYMMETRIC HEARING LOSS: Hearing loss found in both ears with one ear having a greater loss than the other.
  • HEARING LOSS: The decrease in the ability to detect the presence of sounds that is usually associated with damage to or blockage in the structures of the ear.
  • HEARING IMPAIRMENT: The degree of interference that the hearing loss has on the individual’s ability to communicate with and function in their society.
  • HEARING DISORDER: Any interference, whether due to hearing loss or auditory processing disorder, in the ability for the individual to communicate with or function in their society.
  • DEAF: When there is no functional hearing in the ear. If this is a binaural deafness, the individual is usually dependent on sign language, lip reading, finger-spelling or some other “visual” mode of communication.
  • HARD OF HEARING: A term used to describe those who have the presence of some degree of hearing loss.
  • PRESBYCUSIS: The term used to describe hearing loss that is associated with the aging process. Research states that one in three individuals over the age of 65 has some degree of hearing loss.
  • AMPLIFIED TELEPHONE: A device that allows the user to increase the volume of the telephone for those with hearing loss.
  • TTY/TTD: (Text Telephone/Telecommunication Device for the Deaf): The device allows the individual to type messages back and forth to one another instead of talking and listening. Most modern-day cell phones are equipped with texting capabilities and do not need special equipment.
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